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Análisis costo-beneficio Cambio de producción de maíz a uva en la cuenca del río Guadalquivir / Cost-Benefit Analysis Switching from corn to grape production in Guadalquivir basin Tarija



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Identifier: 6548
Topographic Signature: BO. 12. 013. 0041

Author: Matti Cartsburg, Juliane Kaufmann, Fred Hattermann, Andrea Salinas, Génesis Nava, Carlos Saavedra
Views: 428
Language: Español
Category: Text
Place: La Paz, Bolivia
Editorial: PROCUENCA; GIZ Bolivia
Publish Year: 2023
Page Number: 11

En Tarija, la mayor parte de la producción de maíz se destina al mercado local y la ganancia para los productores es baja, especialmente cuando hay sequías prolongadas (Suárez, 2021). Por ello, el Gobierno Departamental de Tarija (GAD) promueve la producción de cultivos de alto valor, como la uva. Según Candiago et al (2022), el clima juega un papel vital en la producción de uva, ya que controla fuertemente el microclima a nivel del dosel, el crecimiento y la fisiología de la vid, los rendimientos y las características químicas del fruto, aspectos que, en conjunto, determinan los atributos y la tipicidad del vino. 

 

The cultivated area dedicated to corn in Tarija has decreased from 52% in 2013 to 40% in 2021 (62.779 Ha to 46.207 Ha) (INE, 2022). The 2020-2021 harvest reached 170.257 tonnes (INE, 2022b). This production is mostly delivered to the local market and the profit for the producers is low when there are torrential rains or prolonged droughts (Suárez, 2021). Therefore, the Departmental Government of Tarija started to promote the production of high value crops, especially grapes. In addition to generating a higher market price than corn, grapes are the basis of long value chains that in 2021 generated approx. 20,000 jobs and 115 million USD in the region (GADT, 2021).

The expansion of high value crops would increase farmers´ income significantly and would generate associated benefits, like growth of the grape- wine – singani value chain in the Guadalquivir basin.

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Phone Number: +591(2)277 1380
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